Cérémonies de mariage en changement dans le Grand Agadir (Sous, Maroc)

Abstract : The matrimonial rituals of Morocco which were characterized by an important regional variety tend to standardization through the generalization of a clothing ritual coming from the imperial cities. The research has been carried in the Grand Agadir. Two hypotheses are proposed: 1) the permanence of cultural configurations shared by all Moroccans ensures the diffusion of the contemporary ritual; 2) the royal family has contributed to its legitimation. The first part studies the traditional rites of the Sous, the second investigates change process in the Grand Agadir. It appears that the contemporary ritual secures the permanence of traditions while creating an illusion of evolution. The families keep control over feminine virginity thus ensuring the permanence of male supremacy and the couple’s submission. The identification of the bride to the princesses is an innovation but it does not annihilate the treatment of woman like an object. Traditionally, the popular legitimation of monarchy was signified by the identification of the bridegroom to the sultan. This ritual enthronement expressed the capacity of every strong man to accede to power. The present identification of the bride to the princesses reduces the bridegroom to the subordinate rank of son-in-law and makes of the king the omnipotent Father. The ritual thus secures the permanence of man’s submission to the royal power. The emerging national ritual is a demonstration of the strength of Moroccan identity and a confirmation of the controlled opening to the influences of the Occident and the Orient. This study permits to observe the process of cultural standardization in a society which was characterized by the division of its sub-groups and the passage of local customs to the status of national symbols.
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Souad Azizi. Cérémonies de mariage en changement dans le Grand Agadir (Sous, Maroc). Anthropologie sociale et ethnologie. Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales de Paris, 1998. Français. ⟨tel-01199851⟩



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