Du projet scientifique des Lumières aux géographies nationales. France, Prusse et Grande-Bretagne (1780-1860)

Abstract : Between 1780 and 1860, geography is progressively becoming a full scientific field in Europe, built thanks to renewed institutional and academic principles, especially in France, Prussia and Great Britain. At the same time in these three European countries, geographers expect that their field will be finally considered as a proper science, compared for instance to history or mathematics. In order to complete this aim, they gradually organise geographical knowledge according to scientific patterns. The French, Prussian and British spheres are affected by a similar process. This scientific and academic construction of a proper geographical field is influenced by a universalistic spirit, inherited from the European Enlightenment, but also deeply affected by political context. Between 1785 and 1860, geographical knowledge is recognised as strategic : it plays a major role in the states politics and, therefore, in the organisation of the different policies developed in this period. By questionning at the same time the field of geography and the field of politics and policy, this dissertation intends to highlight how the process of academic and scientific construction of geography engaged at the same time in France, Prussia and Great-Britain is essentially in a position of tension between a demand of universalism and the progressive nationalisation of geographical knowledge.
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  • HAL Id : tel-01198498, version 1


Laura Péaud. Du projet scientifique des Lumières aux géographies nationales. France, Prusse et Grande-Bretagne (1780-1860). Géographie. Université Lyon 2 Lumière, 2014. Français. ⟨tel-01198498⟩



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