L'effet de la consommation de passage sur le développement et l'intégration métropolitaine des territoires en Ile-de-France

Abstract : Tourism gives an overview about the role that imported final demand can play in regional economics in general and, in particular, as an engine to community development. This role can be observed through surveys and statistical tools that enable us to understand and quantify generated money flows. However amongst external consumers some of them are not tourists in a classical sense: they do not stay overnight but instead go back home at night. Contrary to world tourism organization, we are less concerned about the unusual environment criterion to define and observe same-day consumers: any money inflows provided by external consumers spendings contribute to community development, unusual environment or not. Therefore we use the term “passing trade” to talk about all same-day consumers. This thesis is about the economic impacts of passing trade. Empirical analyses took place in Paris Region due to its metropolitan favourable context for mobility activities, in particular shopping trips. The thesis then provides support for two hypothesis. The first one is that passing trade can be a significant factor for community development at subregional levels. By connecting areas, the second hypothesis is that passing trade can contribute to metropolitan integration. In order to test these hypotheses, we adopted a circular economy approach, and developed a method for tracking money flows, from the initial spendings to the final wages. In the end, this study led us to quantify money flows amounts, economic impacts and the intensity of spatial interlinkages generated by passing trade.
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Contributor : Jean-François Ruault <>
Submitted on : Thursday, May 7, 2015 - 6:26:20 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, January 28, 2016 - 1:10:47 AM
Long-term archiving on : Monday, September 14, 2015 - 8:52:48 PM

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Jean-François Ruault. L'effet de la consommation de passage sur le développement et l'intégration métropolitaine des territoires en Ile-de-France. Géographie. Université Paris Est, 2014. Français. ⟨tel-01149904⟩

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