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La prose moderniste péruvienne et la vision de la modernité chez Manuel González Prada, Clemente Palma et Ventura García Calderón

Abstract : This dissertation analyzes a corpus of texts from Peru written in the period of Modernism (1880-1920). This research examined the prose of authors Manuel González Prada (1844-1918), Clemente Palma (1872-1946), and Ventura García Calderón (1886-1959). It investigates the modalities particular to literary Modernism and how they adapted their vision to the shorter prose genres - the short story, the essay, and literary crónica - highly diffused through the Peruvian press. In this way, the first section of this work explores the necessity (appropriateness) of a modern discourse in this period and its relation to Peruvian modernista literature. Thus, this study will present the diversity of topics and the range of forms inherent to modernista prose, as well as bring into question the role of Peruvian literary criticism who tended to derogate it as aestheticizing and superficial. The second section is focused on the characteristics of the brief narratives: short stories, essays, and literary chronicle, as essential genres in the development of the Latin American press within a society preoccupied with incorporating the models of modernity arriving from Europe. The third and final section is dedicated to the analysis of works from González Prada, Palma, and García Calderón. It highlights the various leitmotifs employed, primarily in the short story, including disease, urban life and its modernization, and the femme fatale as an allegory for a modernity ripe with paradox and dissatisfaction.
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Ricardo Sumalavia. La prose moderniste péruvienne et la vision de la modernité chez Manuel González Prada, Clemente Palma et Ventura García Calderón. Littératures. Université Michel de Montaigne - Bordeaux III, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014BOR30025⟩. ⟨tel-01142505⟩

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