Les dominicains de Toulouse au Brésil (1881-1952) : de la mission à l’apostolat intellectuel

Abstract : This work focus on the history of the mission undertaken by the monks of the Dominican Province of Toulouse in Brazil, at the end of the 19th century. These missionaries leave to settle down in the diocese of Goiás, in the center of the country, in 1881. The mission continues until 1952, date on which is set up a Brazilian Dominican province. During this period, the Dominicans set up a vast missionary project and integrate transatlantic dynamics which lead to the installation of many European congregations in Latin America, particularly in Brazil. The study of this mission through missionary correspondence opens many lines of thinking among which two essential axes are detached: the first aim is to analyse the role of agent of spiritual and temporal powers held by the Dominican missionaries, the second is to describe the transformations of the mission in contact with Brazilian realities. These two aspects are articulated in a broader context, that of the Romanization and the birth of social Catholicism, which constitute the fundamental dynamic of the Catholic Church at the end of the 19th century and first half of the 20th century.The proposed analysis here lies in the actors, the Dominican missionaries, both in the study of their missionary activities as representations of Brazil. These are the main authors of our sources; we define them as cultural brokers and receivers. This approach makes it possible to analyse the cultural exchanges generated by the mission and to put in evidence its evolution and its alterations.
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Claire Pic. Les dominicains de Toulouse au Brésil (1881-1952) : de la mission à l’apostolat intellectuel. Histoire. Université Toulouse le Mirail - Toulouse II, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014TOU20025⟩. ⟨tel-01140344⟩

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