Le langage des jeunes issus de l'immigration maghrébine à Bordeaux : pratiques, fonctions et représentations

Abstract : Some studies in Sociolinguisctics present the language of young people stemming from the Maghrebi immigration in France as a variety of French, characterized particularly with its borrowing from Arabic. This vision, based on the practice of one language, does not allow to identify all the facets of this phenomenon. Its functioning and its meaning are clarified when taking into consideration the bilingualism of its users. Starting from a corpus collected from young people stemming from the same immigration in Bordeaux, we explore the facts about the contact of the two languages in question, in relation to the conditions (social) of their production. Without isolating them in a place and in a particular group, our analyses reveal the presence of many language varieties of young people, linked to bilingual practices, adopted in a basic family and community environment. They highlight the richness of their linguistic and verbal heritage, which varies according to situations and interlocutors. Through our inclination towards the social knowledge that determine the management of the linguistic heterogeneity, we feel loyalty to a system of values and representations which are perpetuated through generations. Nevertheless, not being fixed in expressing one identity, this language expresses their double linguistic and cultural identity, constructed through the confrontation with the Other and the Self in order to translate their specific situation in the migratory context.
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Aicha Belhaiba. Le langage des jeunes issus de l'immigration maghrébine à Bordeaux : pratiques, fonctions et représentations. Linguistique. Université Michel de Montaigne - Bordeaux III, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014BOR30015⟩. ⟨tel-01132870⟩



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