Rennes, naissance d'une capitale provinciale (1491-1610)

Abstract : Between the end of the 15th century and the 1610’s, the parliament of Bretagne chose the city of Rennes over others candidates like Nantes or Vannes. At the same time there seemed to occur a sort of political Renaissance of the city linked to new attitudes, like the desire of creating new institutions that aimed to obtain a form of distinctive honor in the province. The parliament settles once and for all in Rennes in the 1560’s and participates to introduce a new elite in order to build innovative webs of notability. In the mean time, the municipality and the siège présidial saw their political responsibilities minored as the prerogative of the parliament was getting bigger in the city. The study tries to show that the settling of the judiciary court and the upkeep of a strong will of distinction speeds up the transition from an ex capital of the Dukes, to a royal provincial capital with the possibility of becoming a representative of the royal power. The city would eventually be stronger thanks to the variety of its institutions but the political balance has become more complex. The integration of the duchy to the French crown generated a series of options and opportunities to the urban elite in areas such as speeches and political attitudes. In this context, Rennes chose its position with a very accurate skill. This process seems to be related to the social and professional composition of the corps de ville. The “communauté de Rennes”, formerly led by a group of merchants, prosecutors or notaries who used to focus on the tax system and urbanism (especially the fortification walls of the city) was enriched in the beginning of the 16th century by new elements from the judiciary courts (“sénéchaussée”, “prévôté” and “siège présidial”). This group with various components led the fighting, against Nantes in particular, to let the city of Rennes become and remain the institutional and judiciary capital of the province of Bretagne.
Document type :
Theses
Complete list of metadatas

Cited literature [165 references]  Display  Hide  Download

https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-01127329
Contributor : Abes Star <>
Submitted on : Saturday, March 7, 2015 - 1:50:33 AM
Last modification on : Friday, May 10, 2019 - 1:16:02 PM
Long-term archiving on : Monday, June 8, 2015 - 1:30:51 PM

File

2014REN20033.pdf
Version validated by the jury (STAR)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : tel-01127329, version 1

Citation

Mathieu Pichard Rivalan. Rennes, naissance d'une capitale provinciale (1491-1610). Histoire. Université Rennes 2, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014REN20033⟩. ⟨tel-01127329⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

1148

Files downloads

1887