L'identité sociale des jeunes musulmans tunisiens et les stratégies identitaires de changement : cas d'étudiants garçons et filles, pratiquants et non pratiquants

Abstract : The negative stereotypes that the Muslim of East emit towards the Tunisian Muslims cause so much suffering to the Tunisian of front the revolution and today. The objective of this work is to know how much the young Tunisians are influenced by the meta negative stereotypes and how they react to the fact they belong a group of Muslims socially depreciated. We work on verbal associations and their valences of 208 students, practicing and non-practicing of both sexes, pronouncing at first on their proper name then in the name of the Muslim of East on the Islam and the Muslim. In this perspective, four comparative studies inter and intra-subjects are led, the spot the prototypes of the Muslim and the degree of attachment of the young to their Muslim identity, the meta-stereotypes of the Tunisian Muslim and their incidence on the identity endogroup; the cognitive and motivational strategies of identity change. The results are discussed in reference to the theory of the core, to the prototypical model of the categories and to justification function of stereotypes. So, altogether, they show a big gap between the prototypical lines of Muslim and the most typical lines of the Tunisian Muslim. the young people define their endogroup believer but describe him unbeliever. In the social representations of the Islam, biases of contrast of type false consensus, false uniqueness and stereotypy are identified to invalid meta negative stereotypes and differentiate positively and distinctively the Tunisian Islam. Muslim of East is not anymore a positive referent.
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Kaouther Souissi. L'identité sociale des jeunes musulmans tunisiens et les stratégies identitaires de changement : cas d'étudiants garçons et filles, pratiquants et non pratiquants. Psychologie. Université Paul Valéry - Montpellier III, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013MON30055⟩. ⟨tel-01124254⟩

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