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Theses

La Norvège et l'isolationnisme, 1940-1972

Abstract : Summary in English Title of our thesis: ‘Norway and isolationism, 1940-1972’. We start by building up a portrait of Norway by referring to works by authors such as Raymond Aron (1905-1983) and his «War and peace between nations» [Guerre et paix entre nations], Francis Fukuyama (1952-) with his study of « The Origins of Political Order », Hans Magnus Enzensberger(1929-), author of « Out-of-step Norway » [Norsk utakt], Henrik Ibsen and his « Peer Gynt» as well as numerous writings by Olav Riste (1933-) and other contributors. At the end of this first part our analysis has uncovered the traditional and defensive isolationism of the Norwegians which we qualify as being of the first degree, then a second degree isolationism, organic in character, since it is interiorised and hence hidden. Our main sources are accounts of meetings of the “Committee for Foreign affairs and of the Constitution” at the Storting (Parliament) in Oslo. The second part of this thesis deals with the period from 1940 to 1949 where Norway joined the Atlantic pact and NATO in 1949, quite simply because the country had no other choice. In the third part we look at Norway during her period of opening up to the international community from 1950 to 1972 where the country joins, again because she was forced to, first the European Free Trade area (EFTA), then is a candidate for membership of the European Economic Community (EEC). The loss at the referendum on Europe in 1972 is mostly due to her isolationism that we in the end shall qualify as being extraordinary.
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Contributor : Einar Hallé <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, January 6, 2015 - 3:37:10 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, February 15, 2020 - 1:54:22 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01100527, version 1

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Einar Hallé. La Norvège et l'isolationnisme, 1940-1972. Sciences de l'Homme et Société. Sorbonne, 2014. Français. ⟨tel-01100527⟩

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