Traces numériques, discrimination et recrutement en Haute Normandie : La situation des personnes à limitation fonctionnelle psychique (Recherche soutenue par le Conseil Régional de Haute Normandie)

Abstract : In 2011, 9.7 million persons in France suffered from a functional limitation (Dares analysis, 2013). Those with psychiatric functional limitations, suffer from a personality dysfunction characterized by disturbances in social adaptation (Sarfaty, Zribi, 2008). Often excluded, segregated and discriminated, they lose their place in their community and in labor market. The digital world, as environment but also as cultural and social practices (Doueihi, 2013), provides them with various means and channels to escape, but equally to build networks and share knowledge. But can it contribute in their process of social integration and professional adaptation? Understanding disability as a result of process interactions between individual and environmental factors of the person (Fougeyrollas, 2010), we studied ethnomethodologically the daily activity and the communication behaviors of a group of eight persons with psychiatric functional limitations in a specialized foster home in Le Havre, in France. In addition, we nine supportive organizations to understand the social representations they share about psychiatric disability, employability and the digital. Our results showed that some individuals use digital to participate in public debates, produce, publish and share information, buy, play and communicate. The objective behind these digital activities is the creation of the social link, which is obviously a key parameter of employability. Thus, digital facilitates their communication and social participation, but is not used in the search for jobs or in a professional occupation. Others, suffer from computer illiteracy, and become victims of social, cultural and economic marginalization, calling for specific actions in favor of them. We propose a clubhouse connected, where members can join collective and collaborative digital projects, but also transitional employment (TE) in cooperation with companies. Thus encouraging the person to have participatory associative digital practices, accompanying him/her in co-presence and adapting his/her environment, are three capital initiations for a successful social and professional inclusion.
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Submitted on : Friday, November 14, 2014 - 11:15:01 AM
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Hadi Saba Ayon. Traces numériques, discrimination et recrutement en Haute Normandie : La situation des personnes à limitation fonctionnelle psychique (Recherche soutenue par le Conseil Régional de Haute Normandie). Sciences de l'information et de la communication. Normandie Université, 2014. Français. ⟨tel-01082727⟩

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