« Back to Tenochtitlan ». Migration de retour et nouvelles maquiladoras de la communication: le cas des jeunes migrants employés dans les centres d’appel bilingues de la ville de Mexico

Abstract : Not only are call centres a gateway into the labour market for young Mexican university students, but they are also becoming more and more significant for young Mexican return migrants from the USA and Canada. The latter are largely represented by young Mexican migrants referred to by migration scholars as belonging to the 1.5 generation. A symbol of the securitarian turn of American immigrant policies after 1986, they are a portion of the total of 2.1 million Mexicans who, arrived as minors, have not yet been able to acquire legal status in their “host country”. Drawing from life histories interviews and from ethnographic fieldwork in Mexico City the thesis investigates the reasons that explain why they have returned to Mexico. For some the choice has not been of their making, yet others have willingly decided to return. More than a choice, this turning point in their lives is a response to the awareness of the social, economic and physical limitations they encounter as illegal immigrants in the USA. Once having returned to Mexico, most of them are employed in offshore bilingual call centres where their migration experience gives them a linguistic and cultural advantage compensating their lack of institutionally recognized educational degrees. While having a preferential position in this expanding sector, constantly recruiting new workers, nonetheless it is the only sector which offers good job opportunities for them.
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-01076279
Contributor : Michaël Da Cruz <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, October 21, 2014 - 4:17:31 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, January 18, 2018 - 2:07:40 AM
Long-term archiving on : Thursday, January 22, 2015 - 10:51:17 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-01076279, version 1

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Michaël Da Cruz. « Back to Tenochtitlan ». Migration de retour et nouvelles maquiladoras de la communication: le cas des jeunes migrants employés dans les centres d’appel bilingues de la ville de Mexico. Sociologie. Université d'Aix-Marseille, 2014. Français. ⟨tel-01076279⟩

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