Les effets du tourisme sur l'identité culturelle : le cas de la médina de Fès

Abstract : Since its democratization in the second half of the 20th century, tourism is a sector that keeps evolving in the majority of countries in the world. Tourism has become a major economical industry and a prosperous social activity for almost everybody. Sometimes perceived as a beneficial activity for receptors countries, sometimes considered as a potential danger for host population, tourism is never shown as trivial phenomena. Indeed, it transforms host companies positively but also negatively, creating multiple intercultural exchanges between tourists and local inhabitants. In fact, this causes sometimes a cultural shock for the host population resulting in acculturation phenomena or in the contrary, to a certain awareness of its identifying characteristics. How tourism and the intercultural relations it induces can mitigate and / or strengthen the cultural identity? This thesis statement is the basis of our doctoral thesis and the representation of the study that we conducted in the medina of Fez. As a matter of fact, Fez ancient city and a World Heritage classified by UNESCO since 1981, is a traditional and authentic space facing conservation needs, enhancement of built as well as lifestyles and secular work. We conducted a qualitative study combining the use of two methodological tools for data collection: direct observation and semi-structured interviews. This research has allowed us to study the impact of tourism on the cultural identity in Fez taking into account the parameters derived from heritage
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Zineb Charai. Les effets du tourisme sur l'identité culturelle : le cas de la médina de Fès. Sciences de l'information et de la communication. Université Nice Sophia Antipolis, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014NICE2014⟩. ⟨tel-01067561⟩

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