Les "talibés" du Sénégal : une catégorie de la rue, prise entre réseaux religieux et politiques d'action humanitaire

Abstract : The perpetuation of Senegalese Islam is based in major part on Muslim teaching, traditionally fulfilled in Koranic schools (daara) by masters acknowledged for their religious skills. Children are entrusted to them by their families, often poor in rural environments. A certain amount of these schools migrate to settle in the city, due to various socio-economic changes experienced by Senegal in the last forty years. Some of these students then become taalibe-beggars: the quest mostly monetary they practice and the relationships maintained with their masters are based on ancient cultural and religious principles having mutated in recent decades. The Koranic student is at the center of various kinds of service and gift exchanges based on the baraka (divine grace) principle. This research aims to explain the different strategies developed by the multiple social actors – teachers, religious leaders, parents, people giving alms (sarax) following the injunction of a marabout diviner/healer ... – interacting in this phenomenon, so as to understand the problematic changes went thought by this type of teaching. The gift theory thought out by Mauss permit to analyze the taalibe-beggar social functions' evolution, which should not be confused with a faxman (children of the streets), also present in Senegal.
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Joanne Chehami. Les "talibés" du Sénégal : une catégorie de la rue, prise entre réseaux religieux et politiques d'action humanitaire. Sociologie. Université de Grenoble, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013GRENH024⟩. ⟨tel-01067449⟩

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