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Le soufisme au Mali du XIXème siècle à nos jours : religion, politique et société

Abstract : For the most part, Malian historians see and consider the 7th century of the Christian era as the advent of Islam in Mali, while Sufism most likely came into existence there by the 15th century only. This Sufi first appearance is then characterized by spread and individual practices here and there. It is only at the dawn of the 19th century that a true emergence of Sufism and a great expansion of Islam through the efforts made by Sïdï al-Mubtar al-Kabïr, the establishment of the theocratic state of Macina, and the call to jihad by al-I:Iag 'Umar can be seen. The two spiritual paths known respectively as Qadiriyya and Tiganiyya will corne into conflict but they will both resist colonial intrusion into their country. After Malian independence in 1960, Sufis will take an active part in political and social life of the country. Finally, Malian Sufis are behind numerous intellectual works meant to make their spiritual paths known.
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Hamadou Boly. Le soufisme au Mali du XIXème siècle à nos jours : religion, politique et société. Histoire. Université de Strasbourg, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013STRAC024⟩. ⟨tel-01058564⟩

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