ÉVOLUTION DES PRATIQUES DES PAYSAGISTES FACE AUX ENJEUX ÉCOLOGIQUES DE LA CONCEPTION URBAINE

Abstract : Urban areas today concentrate the most pressing ecological issues. With the majority of people on the planet living in cities, a rapid pace of urbanization and resource limitations, urban actors are forced to consider the relationship between urban design and ecological issues. Over the last decade, ecological criteria have progressively been introduced in public planning policies and, as a result, new professional practices are emerging in urban design. This ecological shift concerns all urban actors, especially landscape architects who approach urban design from a landscape perspective. This PhD questions the impact of the ecological shift in urban design on landscape architects' practices. We examine three domains: the evolution of landscape architects' discourses by analysing the movement of Landscape Urbanism and its French counterparts, the position of landscape architecture compared to other professions through the tendering process of green public procurements, and, finally, the evolution of their design practices in ecological neighbourhoods in France and the United Kingdom. We use a multidisciplinary methodology combining research tools from diverse fields such as geography, linguistic and economy. We also use a research on design approach based on landscape projects analysis. We show that the emergence of the ecological agenda in public planning programmes has not yet resulted in any substantial changes to the landscape architects' practices. However, the arising issues impact on the diversification of landscape architects' design practices since they favour a site-specific approach often based, amongst others, on ecological characteristics.
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Submitted on : Friday, July 11, 2014 - 4:52:20 PM
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Fanny-Anaïs Leger-Smith. ÉVOLUTION DES PRATIQUES DES PAYSAGISTES FACE AUX ENJEUX ÉCOLOGIQUES DE LA CONCEPTION URBAINE. Architecture, aménagement de l'espace. Université d'Angers, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 1397⟩. ⟨tel-01023261⟩

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