Poésies ready-made, XX-XXIe siècles

Abstract : This thesis intends to import the term "readymade", historically derived from the visual arts, and particularly the work of Duchamp, in poetry in order to define and study the literary equivalent of this type of artwork. We intend to bring about a full class of poetic objects called "ready-made poetry", not reducible to other closes categories such as plagiarism or collage, that it is too often treated in order to make update the specific problems posed by the existence of such objects in poetry. Like Duchamp's ready-made, these practices disrupt the traditional conception of poetry and poetic writing. The ready-made poem is testing the tools with which we are accustomed to consider the poetic fact, both for its intersemioticity that its mode of operation in the second degree and the calling of dimensions witch are currently not considered as meaningfull like the medium. He thus invites us to consider the poem less as "text" than "device". Therefore, the ready-made poem comes to provoke a "fall of paradigms" (Thierry de Duve), in the sense that the categories underlying the doxic definition of poetry and the poetic are damaged. But less than a tabula rasa, the ready-made poem carries more an exemplification of the "poetic" and its "ticks" by the staging of the main elements of the orthodoxy.
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Gaëlle Theval. Poésies ready-made, XX-XXIe siècles. Littératures. Université Paris-Diderot - Paris VII, 2011. Français. ⟨tel-00961017⟩

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