Langue, identité et oralité dans la poésie du québec (1970-2010). Des nuits de la poésie au slam : parcours d’un engagement pour une culture québécoise.

Abstract : The place and function of Oral poetry in contemporary Quebec as well as the narrow relationship between poetic expression and political commitment are the key issues underlying this doctoral thesis. The Nuits de la poésie are an outstanding observatory of specificities and evolutions of poetry life in Quebec over the last forty years. The first edition in 1970 stands out as the birth of an authentic tradition which establishes a close link between the Oral, the poetic public expression and the statement of national existence.The first part of this thesis presents the conditions of the emergence of this seminal event and studies the historical, linguistics and political context, which saw the birth of a specifically Quebec culture. The second part is devoted to the first edition of the Nuit de la poésie. It focuses on practical and theoretical issues related to the analysis of the document film, the only witness of this edition. It also focuses on the issues related to the registration of oral performance on a mechanical support as well on printed books. The third part examines the repetition of the event. It then analyses continuity and thematic and aesthetic evolutions in Quebec poetry from 1980 to 2010 and even more contemporary and globalized manifestations as those of slam poetry.Through the four several editions of the Nuits de la poésie and of extending events, emerges the face of a country that is particularly linked to poetic word and practice. The 1970s are those of defense and illustration of the literary and poetic Quebec. The 1980s saw the advent of female voices and the beginning of an aesthetic diversification, while the 1990s point out the emergence of an identity more open to migrant cultures. The non-repetition of the event in 2000 is less a sign of a slowdown than a result of the development of poetic genre in Quebec and its dissemination on a wider scale for wider audiences. Concerning the edition of 2010, it is presented as a tribute to the national practice of poetry and illustrates the extreme vitality and importance of poetry in Quebec society.
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Paul Fraisse. Langue, identité et oralité dans la poésie du québec (1970-2010). Des nuits de la poésie au slam : parcours d’un engagement pour une culture québécoise.. Linguistique. Université de Cergy Pontoise, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013CERG0651⟩. ⟨tel-00957943⟩

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