Franchir pour unir, équiper pour rattacher : les premiers chemins de fer en Savoie : intentions, usages, représentations (années 1830-1880)

Abstract : The implementation of the first railway in Savoy is a subject that has long been in the shadow of the breakthrough studies of the Mont -Cenis . However, the story of this mode and the intentions behind the construction of this network are prior to the operation of this book ( 1871 ) and even the beginnings of its opening ( 1857 ) . This tunnel is obviously an essential or central element, it made ​​the quest for continuity modal rail across Europe connecting the North Italian peninsula. But it is also the result of a technical, economic and political process that began in the 1830s. The interest of railway in Savoy and lies not only in the technical achievement it represents. It should , in the light of developments in recent historiography , examine this singular object in more than one way . This singularity is due to two major elements around which it is possible to problematize the proposed treatment: prior to most railways established in the Alps, and particularly unstable political context. The question of the unification of Italy , the annexation of Savoy to France , the evolution of Franco-Sardinian Franco-Italian relations and help shape the railway which is a more or less direct emanation . On the linker between the center and the periphery of " beyond the mountains " ( Sardinian time) , the railway becomes a tool for screening international European level with the tunnel before becoming an issue of integration a periphery in the french territory. Local and social issues as well as the performances are, however, not be neglected , as we invite recent developments that may be characterized by the passage of a story of transport at a story of mobility . The proposed reflection tends considering these elements , to question the railway Savoie 1830s to the 1880s as the mirror of a convergence ambitions in the same territory through politically. The railway in Savoy, while remaining a political instrument and a financial adventure that must adapt to the geopolitical context , would it not deeper node confrontation between local research opportunities and international interests ?
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Emilie Cottet Dumoulin. Franchir pour unir, équiper pour rattacher : les premiers chemins de fer en Savoie : intentions, usages, représentations (années 1830-1880). Histoire. Université de Grenoble, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013GRENH001⟩. ⟨tel-00951184⟩

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