The language of the "gwerzioù" through the study of the Mme de Saint-Prix's (1789-1869) unpublished manuscripts

Abstract : One of the major forms of oral literature in the Breton language – which includes songs, tales, proverbs and sayings- is the gwerz. This form of traditional song, passing on from one generation to another, most often evidences a historical as well as a fantastic character.Studying the language used in these songs helps highlight the existence of several standards or levels of language; indeed, while the dialectal mark of the interpreter generally makes no doubt, the presence of a form of standard Breton can also be noticed.In the early XIXth century, people in Brittany - similarly to what was taking place throughout Europe - started collecting oral literature in the Breton language. Most of the time they came from the lower rural aristocracy. Mme de Saint-Prix (1789-1869) was among these precursors. The two unpublished manuscripts which make the most part of her collection (MS 1 : 97 folios ; MS 2 : 45 folios) are currently kept in the Landevennec library
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Yvon Le Rol. The language of the "gwerzioù" through the study of the Mme de Saint-Prix's (1789-1869) unpublished manuscripts. Social Anthropology and ethnology. Université Rennes 2, 2013. Breton. ⟨NNT : 2013REN20029⟩. ⟨tel-00854190⟩

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