MATHIAS E. MNYAMPALA (1917-1969) : POÉSIE D'EXPRESSION SWAHILIE ET CONSTRUCTION NATIONALE TANZANIENNE : Version de soutenance complète

Abstract : Mathias Eugen Mnyampala (1917-1969) was a Tanzanian writer, lawyer and poet who wrote in Kiswahili. His mother tongue is Cigogo. He learned to read and to write in Kiswahili at the age of fifteen in a local Roman Catholic Bible school. Since independence of Tanganyika in 1961, he put his poetic art at the service of the development of Kiswahili, the language of the new nation. The issue of the Tanzanian nation building is reflected in this particular destiny of a young pastor from Ugogo in the center of Tanzania becoming a master of Kiswahili poetry recognized by his peers as well as a national artist. Our main question concerns the formal metric structure and linguistic description of Mathias E. Mnyampala's poems. How to define them? What relationships do they have with the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries classical corpus of the Kiswahili poetry? Why is this particular type of poetry - considered formally and linguistically - which is being promoted at the national level and getting official recognition by successive political authorities in Tanzania? To achieve the political interpretation of formal and linguistic analysis of poetic texts, we first had to equip ourselves with tools that were missing regarding formal metric description. I attempted to analyze all the existing theories in metrics to arrive at a formal and reductionist synthesis. I then analyzed Mathias E. Mnyampala's poetic corpus on this basis. Metric forms and the language of the poems demonstrate ex materia creative processes linked to the metrics of the classical corpus that tell us something about the nation building in which they are called. The ex materia creation, neither classical nor modern, is a third way of poetic composition that my formal approach can describe. I will analyze that parallel to the nationalization of the meters of classical Kiswahili poetry, it comes to the africanization of the national culture.
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Mathieu Roy. MATHIAS E. MNYAMPALA (1917-1969) : POÉSIE D'EXPRESSION SWAHILIE ET CONSTRUCTION NATIONALE TANZANIENNE : Version de soutenance complète. Littératures. Institut National des Langues et Civilisations Orientales- INALCO PARIS - LANGUES O', 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013INAL0002⟩. ⟨tel-00778667v2⟩

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