Élites, pouvoirs et vie municipale à Brest, 1750-1820

Bruno Baron 1
1 CRBC Brest - Centre de recherche bretonne et celtique
UBO - Université de Brest, IBSHS - Institut Brestois des Sciences de l'Homme et de la Société, CRBC - Centre de recherche bretonne et celtique
Abstract : Brest, harbour city and military arsenal, was a city where some individuals managed public and private careers at the same time sometimes by relying on political circumstances.Under the Ancien Régime, traders and jurists controlled the municipal sphere but they were dominated by the social elites (naval officers, Navy quartermasters, Army nobility) who constituted the gist of the power in the city.With the Revolution, a new political personnel was set up, we attended to a renewal of the elites. The Army nobility lost its positions, former notables were relegated to a subordinate role and a new generation of notabilities stemming from revolutionary changes was still very present when the monarchy came back in 1815.The link between institutional evolutions and the political careers of elites enables us to draw up a precise state of local political and social structurings that occurred during these seventy years.During this period, Brest’s municipal elites succeeded in imposing upon their fellow countrymen but did not manage to impose their views concerning relations with superior authorities. They were always under a military governor or a direct representative of the state. The municipal power underwent changes and knew important fluctuations in the reality of its powers and in its degree of autonomy.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, August 22, 2012 - 11:22:25 AM
Last modification on : Saturday, May 4, 2019 - 4:14:01 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00724666, version 1


Bruno Baron. Élites, pouvoirs et vie municipale à Brest, 1750-1820. Histoire. Université de Bretagne occidentale - Brest, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012BRES0002⟩. ⟨tel-00724666⟩



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