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EFFETS DE LA FRONTIERE TUNISO-LIBYENNE SUR LES RECOMPOSITIONS ECONOMIQUES ET SOCIALES DES WERGHEMMAS, de la possession a la réappropriation des territoires.

Abstract : The J'farra, a region crossed by the tunisian-libyan border, is the history land of tribal confederations; the Werghemmas and the Nouaïels. For nearly a century, she knows a set of mutations that affect both types of resource and the landscape. In a predominantly pastoral region, dominated by a tribal and nomadic social organization, the J'farra experienced a period of economic marginality before becoming, since the year 1989, the land of smuggling. However, the J'farra is not only an area of tolerance established by the authorities or an economic exemption zone or a legal exception, but a territory of structured claims from local tribal groups, forms of subversion of the border, informal activities of various forms inherent in the globalization of trade and symbolic representations based on the values of the past. When the local tribal networks have succeeded in creating a new economic reality through informal activities around the border, agrees that an early re-territorialisation around. The "réseaux" are driven primarily by a particular category, the aâmem. The aâmem have shown themselves capable of inventing alternative forms of supervision that have replaced those of the state and managed to "make territory ". However, this territory in J'farra is not homogeneous and leads to a series of clashes. The "réseau" is a system of action and authority, and it is characterized by a hierarchy and inequality among its members, generating divisions among them. The activity of the informal "réseau" is not working in opposition to the State territory but against the state institution to which he tries to escape. The transgression of the border, the trivialization of its crossing by the descendants of the ancient nomads, the reactivation of old tribal solidarity within border informal trade "réseau" and the integration to the globalized market, paving the way for the reinvention, according to new practices , the former "conceiving of life" of the population of J'farra and its territory.
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Rafaâ Tabib. EFFETS DE LA FRONTIERE TUNISO-LIBYENNE SUR LES RECOMPOSITIONS ECONOMIQUES ET SOCIALES DES WERGHEMMAS, de la possession a la réappropriation des territoires.. Géographie. Université François Rabelais - Tours, 2011. Français. ⟨tel-00662518⟩

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