La violence politique au prisme du genre à travers la presse française (1970-1994)

Abstract : This dissertation examines the experience of political violence arising from the protest movement of the late 1960s in most Western countries. Also related to the current social changes, especially embodied by feminism, the explicit involvement of women is a second phenomenon that comes into play. This dissertation analyses this twofold subject at a social discourse level through its media exposure from 1970 to 1994. Drawing on a corpus made of French newspapers of diverse tendencies, this study aims at determining current standards and the way transgressions are grasped from a double - criminal and sexual - perspective. Through the comparison of different points of view and opinions (from journalists, militants, policemen, political and intellectual personalities), it provides a one-dimensional story in which attention is mostly focused on women presence, which is seen as a feature of revolutionary violence. Violence therefore expresses itself - with some nuances - as a media-staged subject through three decades, from the first bomb attacks to the latest trials, varying between overexposure and silence. This study therefore contributes, from a gender perspective, to the history of the violent revolutionary phenomenon, as seen in France during the last third of the 20th century. The 1970s are first hit by radicalization, as new organizations and groups with similar practices and ideological frames of reference emerge. Afterwards newspapers focus on one organization only, i.e. Action directe, both during its period of illegal activity (1979-1987) and the judiciary serial following a wave of arrests (1987-1994).
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Submitted on : Thursday, November 17, 2011 - 12:32:51 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00641911, version 1

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Fanny Bugnon. La violence politique au prisme du genre à travers la presse française (1970-1994). Histoire. Université d'Angers, 2011. Français. ⟨tel-00641911⟩

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