Fêtes populaires et institutionnelles en Provence au XVIIème siècle

Abstract : Our work has for ambition to propose a reflection on the fonctionnions and the fonctions (offices) of the public party in the seventeenth century. We chose, beyond the parties of court already abundantly studied, to interest us in démonstrations (apparences) wich, somehow or other, involve the whole population. We confined our search in the Provençal space, where we have extremely interesting documents. In the first part with which function (office) is to seize the various notions included in the party and its representations, we investigate the characteristic lines of the party generally in the seventeenth century : circonstances, structures, participants,etc. In the second part we treat popular parties which join two categories : the carnival and the grotesque parties. In the first category, we study the carnival, its origins, its progress and its stakes by showing that it is the perfect popular party. Then as for the grotesque said parties, we chose to study three different parties : the party of the Madmen/Innocents, the Corpus Christi and the charivari. Each of them is a very particular party but they quite concern who connect them with the carnival. In all these demonstrations, we see the importance of the mask, the fancy dresses which offer the opportunité of a theatricality allowing the reversal of the roles, the parody and sometimes even an unbridled satire. In the third part of our study it is question of all the parties of national events which are ceremonies organized to celebrate a national event or a major event of the monarchic life : birth, wadings, victory… But the official party which will interest us most are the royal political entrances of a point of view more significant than the paries concerning national évents. The royal entrance definies itself as being a visit that king make in his cities during a travel. To justify these informations we use royal entrance of three reigns different from the seventeenth century : that of Henri IV (Marie de Médicis), of Louis XIII and Louis XIV and it in the three very precise cities of Provence, Marseille, Aix et Avignon which are cities « stages » during the travel of the High dignitaires. In the fourth and last part, we show how the popular and institutional parties present convergent lines, although they are rather diffent, a priori. In the contact which gathers individuals, we find a fundamental aspect of the society of this period : the sign of the group. In the seventeenth century, the individualism does not still exist, every individual acts according to the context (party) according to what he is or what he would like to be. Between the exhibition and the dissimulation, the border is rather thin : the mask is the curtain which separates these two postures. In the royal entrance, we are in the reality of the facts, planned and acted : it is an immense representation of the social order; in the carnival, we are more in the order of the imaginary, we like tobe the other one, so blurring all the reality of things etablisse in a for moment represented fantasy
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Latifa Alioui. Fêtes populaires et institutionnelles en Provence au XVIIème siècle. Anthropologie sociale et ethnologie. Université d'Avignon, 2010. Français. ⟨NNT : 2010AVIG1095⟩. ⟨tel-00625460⟩

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