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Usages, biens collectifs et communautés d'habitants en Anjou, XVe – XIXe siècle

Abstract : The Anjou region has two different types of collective spaces, the commons, land that is still collective and some meadows with “second communal grass”, which are semi-private lands. The local farmers let their animals graze there for most if not or all year round. These green spaces are made up of Landes and also mainly of rich humid meadows which are running along the Loire Valley, the Sarthe and the Loir. The prospect put in place between the 15th and 19th centuries was one of long term and diversification of approach. To fully understand the stakes of the collective spaces, one would need to take the point of view of its protagonists: the local community; especially by analysing the running and funding of the trials taken against the Lords. The access to Angevines lands was therefore conditioned by the rural community's contributing faculty. You would also have to study the relationship between the rural society and it's environment, especially the profit made from flooding lands. This historical work is also linked with some constants in the landscape and the rural society. The usual questions relating to collective spaces are also tackled: the right to work the land, the judicial questions of possession and ownership, the stakes of the trials and the consequences of the French Revolution. We took a special interest in the relationship between the communities and the State, whose protective role of collective assets is to reconsider.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, March 23, 2010 - 5:03:46 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00466416, version 1

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Estelle Maulny. Usages, biens collectifs et communautés d'habitants en Anjou, XVe – XIXe siècle. Histoire. Université d'Angers, 2009. Français. ⟨tel-00466416⟩

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