Le littoral et les hommes : espaces et sociétés des côtes nord de la Bretagne au XVIIIe siècle

Abstract : The study of the north coasts of Brittany in the XVIIIth century shows that the societies of the coast exist well and truly. Their specificity rests on a situation of interface between two different environments, the earth and the sea. Although the horizon of earth is developed, the maritime horizon is never neglected because of its rich and free resources. It can be completely assumed, in the harbour places, or meet himself subordinate to the horizon of the earth in the most rural parishes of the coast : the « maritimisation » of the north coast of Brittany is not equal and varies in the time and in the space. Nevertheless, the coast and its resources are coveted and became in the XVIIIth century a real stake in the heart of power struggles led to various scales. In spite of the constraints led by its border position, in particular the exposure to the raids of the enemy, the English people, the coast is appropriated by its inhabitants and completely integrated into their environment : it is the object of specific practices, including leisure activities. These societies of the coast can also be distinguished by the presence of a heterogeneous and minority group, having a direct relationship with the sea : the sailors, who however, remain countrymen to the core. The various sides of these societies of the coast, tackled in this analysis, show however that they are not so different from societies of the interior, made up by « those who do not frequent the sea ». If the societies of the coast really form societies on their own, in the kingdom of France, they fundamentally remain societies of the « Ancien Regime »
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Submitted on : Monday, February 22, 2010 - 2:52:21 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00458863, version 1

Citation

Emmanuelle Charpentier. Le littoral et les hommes : espaces et sociétés des côtes nord de la Bretagne au XVIIIe siècle. Géographie. Université Rennes 2; Université Européenne de Bretagne, 2009. Français. ⟨tel-00458863⟩

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