« L'ENFANT, LE CREOLE ET L'EDUCATION PHYSIQUE ET SPORTIVE AUX ANTILLES FRANÇAISES : UNE APPROCHE PLURIDISCIPLINAIRE DU BILINGUISME DANS LES APPRENTISSAGES MOTEURS »

Abstract : Does the language in which the instructions are formulat- ed affect the execution of a bilingual's motor task? The first experiment studies whether the language used for the instructions influences the motor performances among bilingual children in situation of learning. Eighty bilin-gual French/Creole children (age means 10.4) were distributed into two experimental groups to learn how to perform a motor task. One group received instructions in French and the other one in Creole. The data suggest that the language of presentation affects the execution of a motor task. Both groups had the same performance level at the beginning of the experiment. We noticed that the group taught in Creole obtained better performances than the group taught in French at the end of the learning situation. The results are discussed in terms of their implications to physical education and motor rehabilitation of bilinguals. The two following experiments reported in the present paper concern (i) the differential imagery value of French and Creole and (ii) the influence of language on the recall of sequences of patterned movements in a bilingual population. Creole words were obtained a higher imagery value than French words, certainly because Creole is an oral and vernacular language. Motor recall scores were better when the sequence was presented in Creole compared to French. The generation of visual images by Creole would facilitate the memorization and recall of new sequences of movements. The effect of language on imagery value of words and motor recall among bilingual French–Creole subjects was discussed in terms of nature of information encoding in each language. The goal of the fourt and last study tries to know the language impact on the movement imagery ability of guadeloupean children. A person is able to represent verbal information with an image (Denis, 1989; Paivio, 1986). The language can he influence this ability on bilingual individuals? If Creole has more to do with image than French (Michelot, 2000), this survey considers a distinct language influence on the mental images vividness specified by guadeloupean children. 123 secondary school pupils (average age 13.45) altogether accepted to fill in the Movement Imagery Questionnaire of Hall and Pongrac (1983). This test enables to measure the rapidity of visual and kinaesthetic images. The “Creole” group (59 children; average age 13. 43) got the MIQ translated in Creole and the “French” group (64 children; average age 13.46) the French version of the test. Finally, language does not generally influence the movement imagery capacity. Yet, the kinaesthetic images are more vivid in French than in Creole for the subjects tested, aged from 11 to 13. The subjects aged from 14 to 16 have, only in Creole, more vivid visual images than the subjects aged from 11 to 13. The language affects the movement imagery ability with age of this guadeloupean children.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00441944
Contributor : Frédéric Anciaux <>
Submitted on : Thursday, December 17, 2009 - 4:34:52 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, July 18, 2018 - 8:11:27 PM
Long-term archiving on : Thursday, June 17, 2010 - 11:51:03 PM

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Frédéric Anciaux. « L'ENFANT, LE CREOLE ET L'EDUCATION PHYSIQUE ET SPORTIVE AUX ANTILLES FRANÇAISES : UNE APPROCHE PLURIDISCIPLINAIRE DU BILINGUISME DANS LES APPRENTISSAGES MOTEURS ». Sciences de l'Homme et Société. Université des Antilles-Guyane, 2003. Français. ⟨tel-00441944⟩

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