Les ports d'Auray et de Vannes aux XVIIe et XVIIIe siècles‎ : ville, architecture et identité portuaire sous l'Ancient Régime

Abstract : City, Architecture and Port Identity during the Ancien Régime One of the most striking images of Brittany is the one of its ports and their maritime vocation. Under the Ancient Régime, the people living in ports, like those living in Nantes, St Malo or Lorient, were different. First, they had jobs linked with the maritime business and shipbuilding. Secondly, they were characterized as open-minded people who enjoyed travelling, the maritime culture and exoticism. And finally, they were open to the new visions of the XVIIIth century (le Siècle des Lumières). As far as the urban planning is concerned, the people living there developed their maritime space by building roads, quays, bridges and locks. The improvements gave to these districts an urban character, especially thanks to the political initiative of the negotiating group and the know-how of the engineers. The City appropriated the maritime space by implanting residences there intended to accommodate these port people; the negotiating group being the elite of this society. The architecture and the inside of the houses revealed social behaviours. Vannes and Auray are not port cities but they possess port districts. In these small cities of South Brittany, the characteristics were different from their models: Nantes, St Malo or Lorient. The instability of the policy, the unfavourable economy based on the grain trade, and the society dominated by the trade group but penalized by its culture and its education, set up a space and an architecture appropriated to the Breton cities, of ancient origin and from the bottom of the estuary.Today, these two cities,Vannes and Auray are trying to revalue their port district
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Julien Danielo. Les ports d'Auray et de Vannes aux XVIIe et XVIIIe siècles‎ : ville, architecture et identité portuaire sous l'Ancient Régime. Histoire. Université Rennes 2, 2008. Français. ⟨tel-00354721⟩



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