De l'Eurocorps à une armée européenne ?
Pour une sociologie historique de la politique européenne de sécurité et de défense (1991-2007)

Abstract : This dissertation deals with the construction, practices and legitimating uses of the European Security and Defence Policy since the 1990's. First we study the genesis of the European defence policy taking into account short-term factors opening a policy window (the end of the Cold War, the Balkan conflicts, NATO's reform) as well as structural factors, in this case the socializing framework of the French-German military cooperation. We demonstrate the political entrepreneurship of Mitterrand and Kohl seizing this policy window. They were later taken over by the diplomatic services of the EU states. Secondly we analyze the construction of the European defence policy as a specific social figuration within the EU framework. This new social figuration, relying on proper organs and on intergovernmentalism, interplays with the national defence figurations structured in time, modifying the interdependence games between the capitals and Brussels, and between the main actors groups (in this case officers, diplomats and defence civil servants). Moreover this ESDP figuration is deeply affected and modelled by the weight of the socialization of theses actors on a threefold level: national, professional and institutional. These several socialization weigh on the way theses actors daily practice and conceive the European defence policy .Indeed this new social space is invested on different ways by each categories of actors (military and diplomatic/civilian). Last but not least, the national security cultures are still very pregnant and go on framing ESDP in different ways according to the security representations of each state. This raises legitimating questions for this policy. Eventually European Security and Defence Policy does not aim at building a Euro-army, but fulfils latent functions as a political and symbolic substitute for European security action in the world. These latent functions appear to be at least as important as, if not more than, its manifest functions of reactivity to crisis. Thus ESDP aims at helping construct politically an international role for the EU in security matters.
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Contributor : Delphine Deschaux-Dutard <>
Submitted on : Monday, January 5, 2009 - 10:51:48 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, May 7, 2019 - 1:25:43 AM
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Delphine Deschaux-Beaume. De l'Eurocorps à une armée européenne ?
Pour une sociologie historique de la politique européenne de sécurité et de défense (1991-2007). Sciences de l'Homme et Société. Université Pierre Mendès-France - Grenoble II, 2008. Français. ⟨tel-00349871⟩

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