Pratolino : art des jardins et imaginaire de la nature dans l'Italie de la seconde moitié du XVIe siècle

Abstract : The present work considers the Italian garden during the second half of the sixteenth century as a foil for the relationship between humankind and nature and as an expression of cultural and social representations. The central focus is Pratolino, the villa built by Grand Duke Francesco I de' Medici built to the North of Florence between 1568 and 1586 under the direction of Bernardo Buontalenti. The villa is analyzed in detail and contextualized from several different perspectives: its importance for the rule of Francesco I (1574-87), its relationship to other significant projects in Tuscany and the rest of Italy, the role of the garden in contemporary society and culture, and other related themes. Several different topics are considered. One is the social function of the garden as it relates to contemporary ideology and the practice of 'villegiatura'. A study of the corporeal perception of space and the emotional experience of landscape (analyzed on the basis of contemporary accounts) reveals that gardens, from both a medical and a poetic point of view, are experienced and conceived of as a mediation between humankind and nature. The make-up of the garden and its iconography represent a complex idea of nature: as a place of great variety, the garden becomes like an encyclopedic collection; as a staged representation of varied phenomena, for which the epistemology of meteorology has to be taken into account, the garden becomes a symbolic reduction of landscape as a whole; as an imitation of its own processes, it belongs to an aesthetic realm in which art strives to inscribe itself in a more intrinsic manner in the creative work, a topic put in relation to the reception of Aristotle in the 16th century. The sense of imagination that underlies the garden is not unitary; instead it plays with the desire for self-projection, the fantasy of analogy, and the dream of re-creation. The study of Pratolino shows that the political exploitation of nature and its cultural representations was key to the development of this particular variety of art.
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Submitted on : Monday, December 29, 2008 - 4:02:06 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, March 16, 2019 - 1:39:20 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00349346, version 1

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Hervé Brunon. Pratolino : art des jardins et imaginaire de la nature dans l'Italie de la seconde moitié du XVIe siècle. Histoire. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 2001. Français. ⟨tel-00349346⟩

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