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La modalité et ses corrélats en birman, dans une perspective comparative

Abstract : This work, entitled “Modality and its correlates in Burmese from a comparative perspective”, deliberately takes a typological approach, testing a theoretical model against actual linguistic data in order to help the theory attain greater universality.
We will first examine various linguistic theories as they apply to modality, tense and aspect (TAM). After reviewing the relationship between modality, tense and aspect, we will attempt to explain these notions. For aspect, we will use the concepts found in the work of Cohen (1989) and Dik (1997). For modality, we will base our ideas on the semantic approach of Frawley (1992) and the functionalist approach of Dik (1997). Like Frawley, we consider negation to be part of the domain of modality, and we follow the stratificationalist method of Dik in proposing a five-tiered hierarchical model of modality.
This will be followed by a presentation of the the Burmese language, and more specifically vernacular Burmese.
We propose a reanalysis of the verb phrase in Burmese, based on the notion of serial verb construc¬tions (SVC); it is presented along with the verbal morphemes and their corresponding values.
Finally, we will examine the expression of modality, which is the main focus of our study, by showing, first, that modality is well-represented in the language and uses a variety of forms: special¬ized morphemes, grammaticalized morphemes, syntactic constructions, frozen expressions. We will then show that Burmese modality is relevant at different levels of the utterance: it can be inherent in a process (level A), or express at the level of the predicate, (level B), the clause (C), the sentence (level D) or the utterance (level E).
In conclusion we will show that modality is an essential notion in Burmese: its expression in verb phrase is obligatory and it appears at all levels of the sentence in numerous and varied forms.
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Contributor : Alice Vittrant Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, November 5, 2007 - 11:32:10 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 27, 2021 - 2:53:30 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Monday, April 12, 2010 - 1:17:12 AM


  • HAL Id : tel-00185069, version 1



Alice Vittrant. La modalité et ses corrélats en birman, dans une perspective comparative. Linguistique. Université Paris VIII Vincennes-Saint Denis, 2004. Français. ⟨tel-00185069⟩



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