Modélisation des choix d'itinéraires pédestres en milieu urbain. Approche géographique et paysagère

Abstract : Nowadays, on foot journeys create renewed interest as a complementary mode of transport. Indeed, local decision makers appear as willing to reduce the imbalance between different ways of transport within the cities. In the field of Geography the term ‘mobility' refers to the practice of exchanges and movements done by individuals or groups of individuals; this mobility is likely to reveal the characteristics of places and to contribute to their alteration. Among all the modes of transport, walking implies a privileged relation between persons and area they live in. As an element of the living environment used on a daily basis and eventually integrated by the prism of perception the visible cityscape therefore represents an important factor which needs to be considered in the choices of itineraries.
The object of this research is to analyse the choices in pedestrian itineraries according to the urban landscape. In order to do this, we have conducted two surveys in the cities of Lille and Besançon. The first one gave rise to the census of more than 500 walking routes whereas the second one allowed us to describe precisely the variety of urban landscapes. The implementation of various types of geographical analysis (partly inspired from the works of economists and psychologists) has allowed us to highlight the characteristics of pedestrian journeys. Thus, some discrete choice models are used and the research leads to the development of a genuine method to assess how pedestrians perceive the urban landscape.
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  • HAL Id : tel-00167224, version 1

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Arnaud Piombini. Modélisation des choix d'itinéraires pédestres en milieu urbain. Approche géographique et paysagère. Géographie. Université de Franche-Comté, 2006. Français. ⟨tel-00167224⟩

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