Albert Demangeon (1872-1940). De l'école communale à la chaire en Sorbonne, l'itinéraire d'un géographe moderne

Abstract : In spite of the fundamental role Albert Demangeon (1872-1940) played in the development of geography in France, he has remained relatively unrecognised. This intellectual biobibliography is based upon published works which have sometimes been ignored and archive documents. Demangeon's itinerary is here divided into three parts corresponding to the major stages of his life until the mid-twenties. The first part deals with his professional and social ascension : baccalauréat (1890), Ecole Normale Supérieure (1892), agrégation (1895), a thesis on Picardy (1905) and a fine marriage. The second part traces the beginnings of his academic career in Lille (1904-1911) and the Sorbonne until the outbreak of World War I. He was then a versatile geographer. The third part analyses his personal involvement in the Great War as well as his thoughts about the future position of Europe in the world after the conflict. We are left with a contrasted picture : some of his writings were innovating and he outstandingly brought out modern geography at all levels. But his work presents no original theory and his contribution appears limited from a methodological point of view. He was more of a populariser, a hard-working scholar who spared no efforts to promote regional and human geography. He stood up for modern geography and worked with sociologists and historians who questioned his assumptions. He was not an organiser like Emmanuel de Martonne, but his authority has kept rising within the French school of geography, of which he is a key figure.
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Submitted on : Saturday, July 2, 2005 - 11:21:10 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, July 17, 2019 - 2:35:28 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00009648, version 1

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Denis Wolff. Albert Demangeon (1872-1940). De l'école communale à la chaire en Sorbonne, l'itinéraire d'un géographe moderne. Histoire. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 2005. Français. ⟨tel-00009648⟩

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