LYON AU XIX° SIECLE: LES ESPACES D'UNE CITE

Abstract : THIS THESIS WILL ATTEMPT TO turn SPACE, usually A PRETEXTUAL DIMENSION OF HISTORICAL ANALYSIS, INTO AN OBJECT OF ANALYSIS. THIS ATTEMPT AT A HISTORY OF SPACE TAKES SHAPE about A FRENCH CITY, LYON, AND COVERS THE NINETEENTH CENTURY IN ITS BROADEST SENSE, FROM 1789 TO 1914. THE AIM IS TO MAKE A SOCIETY SPEAK OF A CITY, RATHER THAN HAVE A CITY SPEAK OF A SOCIETY, AS IT DID IN THE 'FIFTIES AND 'SIXTIES WHEN THE CITY WAS MERELY THE SITE OF HISTORICAL RESEARCH. THIS HISTORY OF SPACE UNFOLDS ON THREE LEVELS. First, THE CITY IS considered as THE MILIEU IN WHICH THE LIVES OF ITS INHABITANTS ARE SITUATED. FOR THIS REASON THEY MAKE THAT SPACE THEIR OWN IN DIVERSE WAYS. THEY GIVE IT NAMES, THEY DIVIDE IT UP, THEY SEARCH FOR POINTS OF REFERENCE : IN A WORD, THEY elaborate A MENTAL MAP OF THE CITY. FURTHERMORE, CERTAIN MONUMENTS AND SPACES ARE ENDOWED WITH MEANINGS. THESE MEANINGS IN TURN SIGNIFY VALUES, AND THUS 'MORAL REGIONS' ARE CONSTITUTED. THIS IS ILLUSTRATED BY DETAILED ANALYSIS OF TWO EXAMPLES, THE CROIX-ROUSSE AND FOURVIERE. SECOND, SPACE IS A TERRAIN IN WHICH STATE POWER IS EXERCISED. IN ORDER TO UNDERSTAND THE COMPLEX RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN POWER AND SPACE SOME OF THE MOST IMPORTANT MEANS OF MARKING OUT THE CITY ARE DISCUSSED-STREET PLANS, COMMUNAL BRODERS, POLICE DISTRICTS FOR EXAMPLE. POWER ALSO ACTS ON THE CITY. THERE FORE, IN THE MANNER OF TRADITIONAL URBAN HISTORY, NINETEENTH CENTURY CONCEPTS OF TOWN PLANNING ARE EXAMINED (CENTRALITY, NETWORKS, COMMUNICATIONS), ALONG WITH THEIR ADAPTATION TO CONDITIONS IN LYON. THIRD, space is tranfomed into a territory by the agency of the inahbitants, who porduce confliciting definitions of what is means to belong. The last volume of this thesis is an attempt to grasp the vitality of this construction of a sense of belonging, what was and is still called the 'lyonese spirit', thourgh a painstaking reconstitution of the themes, mechanics and impact of this social representation of the locality.
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Theses
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00008880
Contributor : Pierre-Yves Saunier <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, March 30, 2005 - 1:16:36 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, November 19, 2019 - 2:00:43 AM
Long-term archiving on: Friday, September 14, 2012 - 12:20:09 PM

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Pierre Yves Saunier. LYON AU XIX° SIECLE: LES ESPACES D'UNE CITE. Histoire. Université Lumière - Lyon II, 1992. Français. ⟨tel-00008880⟩

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