Habiter la Ville et la Montagne : Essai de Géographie Phénoménologique sur les relations des habitants au Lieu, à l'Espace et au Territoire (Exemple de Grenoble et Chambéry)

Abstract : This doctoral thesis of phenomenological geography has two objectives : on the one hand, to show that all the acts of the inhabitants are always the result of a territorial construction which can be summarized as a dialectics of putting nearly versus putting at a distance the (spatial and social) world. On the other hand, to show that this construction does not derive only from inflows coming from the environmental context or from socio-spatial and/or cultural habitus but also from each inhabitant's intentionality. In order to give meaning to the reality of the present world geography cannot any longer do without having an apprehension of reality as it is constructed by these inhabitants who are responsible for its evolution. In order to attain this constructed reality and the intentionality which governs its meaning it is useful to resort to double interviews, because if the research-worker can grasp the inhabitant's territorial construction by analysing his practices and speeches he cannot legitimately interpret this construction if he leaves aside the symbolical or rhetorical perspective which generates its production and gives meaning to it. Therefore he must use a hermeneutic process based on a double gathering of data and a double analysis, a first time to deal with the interpretation of the significations, and a second time to try to understand for which reasons and according to which system(s) of values and world conception these significations are produced. So, in allowing the inhabitant to create the meaning of his semantic production about world we come to the decompartmentalization of the categories of thought which usually explains it in a common way. Then the idea ensues that this world is made neither of institutional or natural territories which predetermine the inhabitants' relations to the world nor of Russian dolls which would fit each other from the known here to the vast unfathomable world. On the contrary, the inhabitant's territory is open to the to-day reality, that reality which brings closer to him a number of distant places, persons or memories and that reality which takes away from him a number of other ones which are yet very close. So, this dialectic process of putting nearly versus putting at a distance replaces the data (the constraints) of the context, of the situation in which the inhabitant lives by a multidimensional territory in which he exists phenomenologically. A territory the vocation of which, beyond the ontological security it provides, is to make sense for the being who constructs it and does so from these places onto which his interests and concerns are projected in a significant way.
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Contributor : André-Frédéric Hoyaux <>
Submitted on : Sunday, January 16, 2005 - 4:19:09 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, July 9, 2019 - 10:13:38 AM
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André-Frédéric Hoyaux. Habiter la Ville et la Montagne : Essai de Géographie Phénoménologique sur les relations des habitants au Lieu, à l'Espace et au Territoire (Exemple de Grenoble et Chambéry). Géographie. Université Joseph-Fourier - Grenoble I, 2000. Français. ⟨tel-00007867⟩

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