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Local authorities and energy in France. Increasing duties, limited means of action

Abstract : In France, as in many countries, the role of local and regional authorities has increased significantly over the last few decades in the energy sector. Changes in the energy markets, decentralisation reforms and the desire to better involve local stakeholders in the implementation of energy and climate policies are some of the factors that can explain this new situation. This chapter analyses the consequences of these transformations on the sector's governance pattern, which has historically been highly centralised. It distinguishes between two different modes of intervention: the organisation of energy market industries on the one hand, and sectoral public policies in which energy plays an important role (buildings, social action, planning, climate, mobility, etc.) on the other. In the first case, the action of local and regional authorities is still very limited, due to the reluctance of the traditional players in the regulation of the sector. In the second case, it is stronger, even if it is part more a mobilisation of territories rather than a real transfer of powers to the local level. In the end, a new model of governance is emerging that is more open to local players than in the past, but which illustrates a decentralisation that is still timid and highly constrained.
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Contributor : François-Mathieu Poupeau Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, April 26, 2022 - 10:03:40 PM
Last modification on : Sunday, May 1, 2022 - 3:35:37 AM


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  • HAL Id : halshs-03652681, version 1



François-Mathieu Poupeau. Local authorities and energy in France. Increasing duties, limited means of action. Magali Dreyfus, Aki Suwa. Local Energy Governance. Opportunities and Challenges for Renewable and Decentralised Energy in France and Japan, Routledge, 2022. ⟨halshs-03652681⟩



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