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Jusqu’où l’institution peut-elle être augmentée ? Pour une éthique publique de l’IA

Abstract : This contribution explores the hypothesis that the adoption by public services of contemporary computer and digital technological tools, algorithms and mega-data that define artificial intelligence (AI), induces an important transformation of the meaning of the institution. The expertise of machines and the value of mathematical-computational knowledge feeds a form of confidence in AI, which is based on its undeniable effectiveness in assisting public administration and management tasks. But it also maintains a confusion between the logic of technical efficiency and the doctrine of the State, based on the similarity between notions that are irreducible to each other, for example between reliability and trust, between generality and universality, between objectivity and impartiality. Through the services they render to the institution and through the influence they already exert on the behaviors of its agents and managers, AI systems acquire a real action that needs to be specified and conceptualized. This article intends to contribute to this task, starting from the idea that it is a form of authority, as interpreted by political philosophy.
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Submitted on : Monday, February 21, 2022 - 3:53:49 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, March 30, 2022 - 11:13:55 AM





Thierry Ménissier. Jusqu’où l’institution peut-elle être augmentée ? Pour une éthique publique de l’IA. Quaderni, Éditions de la Maison des Sciences de l'Homme, 2022, pp.73-88. ⟨10.4000/quaderni.2234⟩. ⟨halshs-03583080⟩



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