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The effect of COVID-19 on long-distance transport services in France

Abstract : In this paper we explore the effect of COVID 19 on the long-distance transport services in France. These services have been strongly impacted by the different lockdowns imposed. The research question has for objective to characterize the market before COVID 19 to understand its adaptation and the strategies of the stakeholders faced with sanitary regulations. The empirical research is based on a large panel of data collected on four routes in France from 2019 to 2021 for four modes. The first finding is the severe crisis in terms of supply during the first lockdown in March 2020. During the rest of the year 2020 and 2021, services increased slowly until recovering a similar level to that of 2019 for rail and carpooling. This is not yet the case for coach and air services. The second finding is the market concentration to the advantage of the dominant mode, train, especially in comparison to air, still subject to difficulty because of the reduction of the business market. The last finding highlights the persistence of conventional services during the different lockdowns and the high variability of low cost services. Finally, low-cost services were recovering services faster in autumn 2021 than conventional services, thereby increasing their market share.
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-03522931
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Submitted on : Monday, January 17, 2022 - 10:12:09 AM
Last modification on : Monday, May 2, 2022 - 1:52:26 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Monday, April 18, 2022 - 8:09:20 PM

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Florent Laroche. The effect of COVID-19 on long-distance transport services in France. Regional Science Policy & Practice, 2022, ⟨10.1111/rsp3.12534⟩. ⟨halshs-03522931⟩

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