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Cluny and Religious Women

Abstract : Before the foundation of the female priory of Marcigny-sur-Loire in 1055, which brought together, under the control of the abbot, the nuns who gravitated around Cluny in a circumscribed cenobitic setting, integrated into the Ecclesia cluniacensis, Cluniac diplomatic and hagiographic documentation echoes other forms of women's consecrated life, including domestic ascetics. Widows, virgins and continent wives were part of the social environment in which the abbey was inserted and developed and gave early material for the projection of the monastic conduct itself. The return to the "prehistory" of the abbey, marked by the figure of Ava abbatissa, sister of the founder William I of Aquitaine, as well as the presence of other consecrated women in relation to the monastery during the tenth and eleventh centuries, allows us to recognize this general phenomenon in the Cluniac framework. While the recourse to Hieronymian models of ascetic women in the Cluniac writings and the incorporation of virgin saints in the sanctoral of the abbey give the measure of the exemplary value of the female conversion in the thought on chastity, fundamental in the Cluniac monachism.
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Contributor : Eliana Magnani Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, December 16, 2021 - 5:47:38 PM
Last modification on : Friday, April 29, 2022 - 10:12:27 AM



Eliana Magnani. Cluny and Religious Women. Scott G. Bruce, Steven Vanderputten. A Companion to the Abbey of Cluny in the Middle Ages, BRILL, pp.244-264, 2021, 978-90-04-49923-2. ⟨10.1163/9789004499232_014⟩. ⟨halshs-03484022⟩



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