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Tradi pro Christo, tradere Christum : Mt 10, 20 dans le De doctrina christiana, une interprétation isolée ?

Abstract : In its biblical context, Matt. 10:20 par. concerns the martyrs: they should not worry about their words since the Holy Spirit will speak in them. In De doctrina christiana 4, 32, Augustine of Hippo applies this verse to preachers in a seemingly easy play on words: ‘It is not you who speak, it is the Spirit of your Father speaking in you (Matt. 10:20). If, then, the Holy Spirit speaks in those who are delivered up to the persecutors for Christ’s sake, why would He not also speak in those who deliver Christ to those who learn?’ Our purpose is to clarify the scope of this unexpected comment. An examination of the 30 or so other Augustinian quotations from Matt. 10:20 shows that, with a few exceptions, its interpretations fall into four broad sets. In the literal sense, the verse often explains the strength of the martyrs. Mention of the Father’s Spirit can also stimulate Trinitarian reflection. The need for the assistance of the Holy Spirit is regularly opposed to the Pelagians. Finally, especially (but not exclusively) in the anti-donatist controversy, Matt. 10:20 supports the Augustinian understanding of ministries to clarify the respective roles of God and man in the case of the sacraments, biblical inspiration and preaching – a current to which doctr. chr. 4, 32 relates. We also place these Augustinian comments in the patristic tradition of Matt. 10:20.
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Contributor : Marie PAULIAT Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, March 4, 2022 - 3:57:39 PM
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Pauliat - Tradi pro Christo, t...
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Marie Pauliat. Tradi pro Christo, tradere Christum : Mt 10, 20 dans le De doctrina christiana, une interprétation isolée ?. XVIIIth International Conference on Patristic Studies, Aug 2019, Oxford, Royaume-Uni. pp.33-42. ⟨halshs-03461161⟩



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