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Face à l'automatisation des bureaucraties d'État, l'accommodement ou le refus ?

Abstract : While applied computer science has entered a new phase with the progress made in so-called "artificial intelligence" technologies, this chapter starts from the observation that state bureaucracies are becoming increasingly automated in various fields of public policy. In the face of the mounting resistance and concerns raised by this new socio-technical paradigm, many stakeholders have been pushing for new regulations consisting in ensuring the transparency, "explicability" and "auditability" of algorithms, or minimising the risks for fundamental rights through so-called "privacy-by-design" methods and ethical charters intended for developers. Now, it is striking to note the similarities between these policy responses and the regulations adopted during the first cycle of computerisation, in the 1960s and 1970s. In order to highlight this "eternal return" of these routinised modes of management of computer-related controversies, this chapter aims to situate the current process of automation of public bureaucracies in a longer history of the state and information technologies. It goes on to argue that the procedural focus through which many stakeholders are trying to ward off the dangers of new computer technologies risks not only ending in failure, but that it also eludes many of the democratic stakes raised by the spread of digital technologies within public bureaucracies and across the social world more broadly.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, November 10, 2021 - 4:11:46 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, November 30, 2021 - 3:34:05 AM


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  • HAL Id : halshs-03412142, version 2




Félix Tréguer. Face à l'automatisation des bureaucraties d'État, l'accommodement ou le refus ?. Luca Belli; Gilles Guglielmi. L'État digital, A paraître. ⟨halshs-03412142v2⟩



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