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Influence of Age and Sex on Clinical and Therapeutic Features of Laryngopharyngeal Reflux

Abstract : Objective To explore the influence of age and sex on the clinical presentation and therapeutic response of patients with laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR). Study Design Prospective study. Setting Prospective multicenter study of 271 patients with a diagnosis of LPR confirmed by impedance-pH monitoring. Methods Patients were prescribed 6 months of diet changes and a combination of pantoprazole and/or alginate depending on the results of their impedance-pH results. The Reflux Symptom Score (RSS) and Reflux Sign Assessment (RSA) were collected at baseline and at 3 and 6 months posttreatment. Data were explored according to sex and age. Results A total of 237 patients completed the evaluations (138 females). On the RSS, patients of the oldest group (>60 years) had lower symptom scores (throat pain, ear pain, odynophagia, chest pain, tongue burning, nausea, halitosis, and indigestion) and lower quality-of-life scores than younger individuals. RSS and RSA outcomes significantly improved from pretreatment to 3 months posttreatment in all groups. Scores on the RSS and RSA continued to improve from 3 to 6 months posttreatment in the elderly group. Females with LPR had a higher score on the RSS at baseline as compared with males. On the RSS, scores significantly improved after 3 months in males and females; however, they continued to improve from 3 to 6 months in the female group. Conclusion Age and sex may influence the clinical presentation and pre- to posttreatment evolution of symptoms and findings. Age and sex differences could be considered in future therapeutic approaches to guide more effective personalized treatment plans for patients with LPR.
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-03379981
Contributor : Gwénaëlle Lo Bue Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, October 15, 2021 - 12:05:27 PM
Last modification on : Friday, April 1, 2022 - 3:57:35 AM

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Jerome Lechien, Thomas Carroll, Francois Bobin, Vinciane Muls, Alexandra Rodriguez, et al.. Influence of Age and Sex on Clinical and Therapeutic Features of Laryngopharyngeal Reflux. Archives of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, American Medical Association, 2021, pp.019459982110202. ⟨10.1177/01945998211020284⟩. ⟨halshs-03379981⟩

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