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Confiance en l’intelligence artificielle et autorité des machines

Abstract : This contribution has two objectives. On the one hand, it considers the study of trust relationships towards the "non-human agents" that are the contemporary technological tools (algorithms and data that define artificial intelligence); on the other hand, it undertakes to conceptualize the authority that these tools are acquiring. The starting point is that the contemporary deployment of AI relies on forms of trust in machines shared between their designers and users, who appear to be the "cement" of the uses that guarantee the efficiency of the machines. However, this trust is less directed towards tools considered as neutral than towards personalized or even personified entities. Artificial intelligences, analyzed in the context of their uses, are already presented as something other than neutral instruments. Although still poorly qualified ontologically, they are already no longer simple tools, but agents. Through the services they render and the influence they already exert on behaviors, they acquire a real action that needs to be documented and conceptualized. This approach in political philosophy wants to examine the form of authority thus generated, notably by imagining experimental devices to test the hypotheses.
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-03341931
Contributor : Thierry Ménissier Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, September 13, 2021 - 9:53:47 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, September 16, 2021 - 3:24:59 AM

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Thierry Ménissier. Confiance en l’intelligence artificielle et autorité des machines. Storia e Politica, Editoriale Scientifica, 2021, 13 (2), pp.264-287. ⟨halshs-03341931⟩

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