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Démophobie, francophobie, Contre-révolution : comment le Mouron rouge a traversé la Manche

Abstract : Traditionally, the historiography of the historical novel and the popular novel, two genres that often overlap between the mid-nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, has overlooked their political dimension. They are often reduced to their ideological conformism, described as a consequence of their important serialization. This article proposes to nuance this position by studying the case of the Scarlet Pimpernel, one of the most famous series of British popular literature. Between 1905 and 1940, its creator, Baroness Orczy, published numerous adventures, all of which follow a similar pattern: during the French Revolution, Sir Percy Blakeney, a British nobleman who hides his identity under the name of the Scarlet Pimpernel, saves French aristocrats from the clutches of terrifying revolutionaries...Considering these counter-revolutionary foundations, this article seeks to analyze the original novels, their French translations, a number of theatrical and cinematographic adaptations, as well as their reception. The origins of this work, its use of the codes of the historical novel as much as its recourse to a history saturated with reactionary caricatures are part of the amalgamation and wide diffusion of several counter-revolutionary traditions, which are apprehended differently in France and in Great Britain.
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Contributor : Alexis Darbon Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, August 18, 2021 - 7:03:01 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 17, 2021 - 12:29:39 PM


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Baptiste Roger-Lacan. Démophobie, francophobie, Contre-révolution : comment le Mouron rouge a traversé la Manche. La Révolution française - Cahiers de l’Institut d’histoire de la Révolution française, Institut d'Histoire de la Révolution française, 2021, La Révolution en 3D – Textes, images, sons (1787-2440), ⟨10.4000/lrf.4974⟩. ⟨halshs-03322233⟩



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