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HABITER LE DESERT : Les Touareg de l'Ahaggar photographiés par Marceau Gast (1951-1965)

Abstract : In October 1951, a 24-year-old teacher, Marceau Gast, arrived in the Sahara at a Kel Ahaggar Tuareg camp in southern Algeria. For three years, he was a nomadic teacher, changing groups at the beginning of each school year. According to seasons and moves, Marceau Gast photographed the different facets of nomadic life, oscillating between the scarce resources of the steep Ahaggar mountains and the abundance of salt pastures, six hundred kilometres further south, in the Tamesna plains. For the Tuareg, life in the desert means nomadism. But in the mid-twentieth century, the vast Kel Ahaggar territory depended on two separate centres of colonial administration : French Algeria and French Western Africa. This partition harvours the threat that was to destroy the healthy nomadic mobility between the mountains and the plains. Marceau Gast's photographs bear witness to a way of life that was profoundly transformed in just a few decades. The teacher, who became an ethnologist in 1960, then pursued the questions raised during his first visit in the Ahaggar and constituted an important photographic corpus to illustrate his research on food in arid environments and the strategies implemented to escape famine.
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Contributor : Hélène Claudot-Hawad Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, May 19, 2021 - 4:19:00 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, May 12, 2022 - 8:42:02 AM




  • HAL Id : halshs-03230243, version 1



Hélène Claudot-Hawad. HABITER LE DESERT : Les Touareg de l'Ahaggar photographiés par Marceau Gast (1951-1965). Non Lieu Editions, 240 p., 2021, Collection Entre-Rives, 9782352703136. ⟨halshs-03230243⟩



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