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Condamner et soumettre : Sanctions spirituelles à l’épreuve des résistances à la condamnation de l’Action française (France 1926-1939)

Abstract : This presentation questions a use of spiritual sanction that may seem paradoxical: the Church intervention in the political field in French Third Republic. In a context of secularisation acknowledged by sociologists and deplored by clerics, religious sanction was used throughout the 20th century in the French political field. Political groups as the christian-democrat Le Sillon, the monarchist l'Action Française, but also Catholics suspected of sympathising with communism were subjected to various types of religious sanctions, the memory of which is still evident today. Less well known is the condemnation of feminism in the midst of the modernist crisis, which drew the wrath of certain members of the Roman Curia on Catholic women professing an egalitarian and democratic feminine spirituality. The case of Action Française is without doubt the one that has been the subject of the richest works. We propose here to return to the 1926 condemnation and its variations by paying closer attention to the process of enunciation and application of the sanction, and in particular to the way in which the clerics interpreted it and put it into practice. The performance of certain rites becomes an indicator of political orthodoxy. More specifically, we will examine the modes of coercion used to enforce the Roman Curia's decision from Cardinal Andrieu's letter and the Holy Office's decree of 29 December 1926 to the lifting of sanctions in 1939 through case studies. We will base our analysis on the documents kept in the collection of the Extraordinary Ecclesiastical Affairs and in that of the Apostolic Nunciature of France (Vatican Secret Archives).
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Contributor : Magali Della Sudda Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, May 17, 2021 - 8:31:43 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, November 16, 2021 - 9:34:52 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, August 18, 2021 - 6:01:36 PM


MDS_Condamner et soumettre - S...
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  • HAL Id : halshs-03197618, version 1


Magali Della Sudda. Condamner et soumettre : Sanctions spirituelles à l’épreuve des résistances à la condamnation de l’Action française (France 1926-1939). Fulmen 2 : Le lancement, les relances et la levée des sanctions spirituelles (déclaration, promulgation, publication, réitération, réconciliation, absolution) dans le temps long de la tradition chrétienne (Ve-XXIe s.), Julien Théry-Astruc; Arnaud Fossier; Fabrice Jesné, Jan 2019, Rome, Italie. ⟨halshs-03197618v1⟩



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