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Les voyageurs-cartographes en Tunisie au XVIIIe et XIXe siècle

Abstract : North Africa, and more particularly Tunisia, has strongly influenced the imaginary and the desire for discovery of European travelers and cartographers during the 18th and 19th centuries. This study seeks to analyze the will that drives comprehension and knowledge, stimulated by a curiosity that takes roots in the scientific revolution that characterized the Enlightenment. This quest gives birth to a profound observation of the natural environment and the social environment, of the archeological heritage and of the political organization, a sign of a global vision and an interdisciplinary approach. The construction of geographic knowledge has been one of the central dimensions of the adventure driven by six travelers cartographers inspired by this quest: the English Shaw, the Danish Falbe, the French Peyssonnel, Desfontaines, Pricot de Sainte-Marie and Pellissier de Reynaud. Cartography is therefore the logical outcome of most of the missions, which will be considered only later to be part of a possible colonization perspective. The intense activity of the travelers and the transmission of their new knowledge contributed to a demythologization of the barbaric coasts, that acquired progressively the status of a “normal” territory in terms of observation and measure.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, March 16, 2021 - 11:21:40 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, March 23, 2022 - 12:08:26 PM

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Houda Baïr. Les voyageurs-cartographes en Tunisie au XVIIIe et XIXe siècle. Dynamiques Environnementales - Journal international des géosciences et de l’environnement, Presses universitaires de Bordeaux [1983-2020] ; CEDETE (Université d'Orléans) (2021-..), 2017, Explorateurs, femmes et hommes de science : voyages en terres mal connues, pp.54-72. ⟨10.4000/dynenviron.366⟩. ⟨halshs-03170498⟩

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