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The Price of Expungements

Abstract : Expungement mechanisms allow first-time offenders to seal their criminal record. Theory predicts that the stigma of a criminal record can hinder the reintegration of criminals for whom legal activities are less lucrative. In theory, expungements priced at the reservation level can facilitate the reintegration of criminals without making first-time crime more attractive. This paper considers a behavioral perspective and offers experimental evidence about the impact of expungements priced at different levels. To do this, we set up a laboratory experiment where subjects repeatedly face opportunities to commit crime (take money from another subject). In addition to stochastic formal sanctions-imposed by the experimenter-we introduce endogenously determined social sanctions. In our main treatments of interest, subjects who choose the wrongful action have the opportunity to expunge their record prior to the second stage, thus avoiding social sanctions as long as they do not recidivate. Overall, our experiment shows that, from a general deterrence perspective, it is better to implement expungements at very high prices. We offer an explanation for this result based on the idea that the price of expungements may signal the moral reprehensibility of the offense.
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-03097611
Contributor : Romain Espinosa <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, January 5, 2021 - 2:02:31 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, January 14, 2021 - 1:22:30 PM

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Romain Espinosa, Gregory Deangelo, Bruno Deffains, Murat Mungan, Rustam Romaniuc. The Price of Expungements. International Review of Law and Economics, Elsevier, In press, ⟨10.1016/j.irle.2020.105976⟩. ⟨halshs-03097611⟩

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