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Poux, puces et punaises chez les naturalistes du 13e siècle : de simples vermes ou des parasites nuisibles ?

Abstract : Reliable information about insects considerably increases c. 1230, due to the recent availability of Aristotle’s De animalibus (Arabo-Latin version of Michael Scot), Avicenna’s Canon (Gerard of Cremona’s translation), and the circulation of Book XI of Pliny’s Historia naturalis. This is the reason why this research examines a corpus of Latin naturalist texts between 1230 and 1270, in order to observe the evolution of the "philosophical" discourse on the "vermin", that is to say the class of vermes, also called annulosa or rugosa. I focused on the "philosophical" natura of lice, fleas, bedbugs and ticks in the encyclopaedias of Thomas of Cantimpré, Bartholomew the Englishman, Vincent of Beauvais, who still transmit some exegetical correspondances, and in the naturalistic commentaries of Albert the Great, who rationalises and systematizes the same information. These natural philosophers also transmit prophylactic measures in accordance with the Greek and Salernitan medical tradition.
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-03093871
Contributor : Isabelle Draelants Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, January 21, 2021 - 11:18:31 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, August 11, 2021 - 9:36:15 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, April 22, 2021 - 6:05:46 PM

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Isabelle Draelants. Poux, puces et punaises chez les naturalistes du 13e siècle : de simples vermes ou des parasites nuisibles ?. éd. Franck COLLARD – Evelyne SAMAMA. Poux, puces et punaises : la vermine de l’homme. Découverte, description et thérapeutique. Antiquité, Moyen âge, Temps Modernes, Paris, 2015, L'Harmattan, pp.195-227, 2015, 978-2-343-07898-4. ⟨halshs-03093871⟩

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