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Rise of neurone sciences in the 20th century First part: Neurone physiology (1900–1940): from nervous physiology to neurophysiology

Abstract : In the late 19th century, the introduction of the neurone concept led to vivid oppositions in many fields of enquiry, especially in the physiology of the nervous system. In Great Britain, novel research programs (Sherrington and Adrian) supplanted the general common hostility to conceive of the neurone as a general and fundamental physiological element. These new paths of research led to a unique neuronal physiology awarded the Nobel Prize for physiology or medicine in 1932. This first form of neurophysiology spread abroad and came under the attack of American physiologists concerning the functional role of the neurone soma vs the more fundamental and hypothetical function of the axon. During the 1930s and the 1940s, a series of polemics progressively died out with the establishment of the fundamental bases of a new and international neuronal physiology, which led to the rise of neuroscience after the Second World War.
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Contributor : Jean-Gaël Barbara <>
Submitted on : Monday, January 11, 2021 - 3:01:37 PM
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Jean-Gaël Barbara. Rise of neurone sciences in the 20th century First part: Neurone physiology (1900–1940): from nervous physiology to neurophysiology. PSN - psychiatrie, sciences humaines, neurosciences, Springer Verlag - Editions matériologiques 2011, 9, pp.104 - 111. ⟨10.1007/s11836-011-0163-1⟩. ⟨halshs-03090665⟩

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